Privacy is a fundamental human right that many governments from all over the world recognize. There are numerous legislations made to support and protect an individual’s right to have their personal data kept a secret if they choose not to divulge their information.
As much as possible, such legislations ensure that one’s data are safe from the unfair collection, distribution, and other types of uses that are done without the knowledge of the individual.
Additionally, it reminds them that remaining on the website means that they are comfortable with the uses of their data. Simply put, it is a document that describes in detail what personal information your website collects from its visitors, along with how you store it and use it.
Of course, this disclaimer shouldn’t be used to justify unscrupulous data collection and use. There are still limits to how you can use the data collected via cookies. To help you understand what we consider as “personal data” here are some of the factors that meet the criteria:
- The visitor’s IP address
- Full name, name or surname
- Email address
- Postal Address
- Any other information that can be used to identify the individual visiting your website
Thus, many countries have laws in place that require you to display it if you live in one of them or you collect and use any data about their citizens. If you want to have an online web entity, you should comply with these laws to prevent facing legal issues.
Having third-party services might require you to do so
As an online entity, there’s a possibility that you enlist the help of other third-party services to boost your online presence and increase your web traffic and visibility or to simply help you manage your website.
Examples of these include Google AdSense and Amazon Affiliates. These third-party services work effectively because they store and use the private information of web visitors. It is your duty as a host website to ensure that your visitors know how their personal data are being used to enhance their experience online.
It helps you establish a connection with your audience
You don’t want to take advantage of their private information. You are making your intentions regarding personal data collection, storage, and sharing known. This is a good step.
After all, being deceitful means that you not only risk losing all the credibility you have built over the years with website visitors; you can also face charges for your illegal activities with regard to the use of personal data.
1. United States of America
There are several states and federal laws in the USA that have provisions on data privacy:
- The California Consumer Protection Act of 2020
- The Computer Security Act of 1997
- The Consumer Credit Reporting Control Act
- The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986
- The Americans With Disability Act
- The Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2001 (last updated in 2013)
- The Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984
Additionally, you have to get familiar with the laws and acts in the state where you reside. For instance, the State of California has the CCPA in place among others.
2. European Union
Furthermore, this directive establishes a legal framework inside, of which you can gather and use the personal data of website visitors. This ruling also governs how businesses can collect, store, and use personal data and what they need to do to protect it from misuse.
Australia’s Privacy Act strictly regulates how companies need to handle sensitive user data. It covers all segments of sensitive data processing, from the collection and usage to storage and disclosure.